EUAA COI Report. Security Situation

Nederlands

The purpose of this report is to provide relevant information for the assessment of applications for international protection, including refugee status and subsidiary protection, and in particular for use in updating EUAA’s country guidance document on Iraq.

The report covers the period February 2023 – March 2024, and provides an update of the EUAA COI report: Iraq - Security situation (January 2022). The report should be read in conjunction with the EUAA COI report: Iraq - Country Focus (May 2024).

The report is divided into two chapters. The first chapter focuses on the general security situation in Iraq by providing a general background of recent conflicts in the country, the current political situation, and information on the main armed actors in Iraq and Kurdistan Region of Iraq and their territorial presence and role. It is followed by a general overview of the current security situation in the reference period, as it relates to the nature of the violence and impact on civilians.

The second chapter provides a governorate-level description of the security situation. Each governorate chapter includes a brief description of the governorate, actors involved in the conflict, recent security trends, including information on civilian casualties, civilian infrastructure impacted and the existence of unexploded ordnances UXO and Explosive Remnants of War ERW, as well as information on displacement and return.

For organisational purposes only, the governorates are clustered in geographic order and are grouped as follows:

• the northwestern and central governorates (Anbar, Babil, Baghdad, Diyala, Kirkuk, Ninewa, Salah al-Din);

• Kurdistan Region of Iraq (Dohuk, Erbil and Sulaymaniyah);

• the southern governorates (Basrah, Karbala, Missan, Muthanna, Najaf, Qadissiya, Thi-Qar and Wassit).

This report was jointly drafted by the EUAA COI Sector together with the Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD).

The following departments and organisations reviewed this report:

• Czech Republic, Department for Asylum and Migration Policy

• Greece, Greek Asylum Service (GAS), General Secretariat for Migration Policy

• Sweden, Swedish Migration Agency, Section for Information Analysis

The drafting of this report was finalised on 15 May 2024. Any event taking place after this date is not included in this report.

This report was written according to the EUAA COI Report Methodology (2023) and to the EUAA COI Writing and Referencing Style Guide (2023).

Beleid

De veiligheidssituatie in Irak werd sinds 2013 grotendeels bepaald door de opkomst van en de strijd tegen de Islamitische Staat van Irak en Syrië (ISIS). Toenmalig eerste minister al-Abadi verkondigde op 9 december 2017 dat het laatste stukje ISIS-territorium op Iraaks grondgebied was heroverd en dat hiermee een einde was gekomen aan de grondoorlog tegen de terreurorganisatie. Het terugdringen van ISIS en de herovering van gebieden bezet door de organisatie hebben een duidelijk voelbare, positieve impact op de veiligheidssituatie in Irak gehad. ISIS-cellen blijven evenwel actief in verschillende Iraakse provincies en de Iraakse veiligheidstroepen, sjiitische milities en Koerdische Peshmerga voeren nog steeds acties uit tegen de organisatie. Dit vertaalt zich in sterke regionale verschillen in het geweldsniveau, de schaal van het willekeurig geweld en de impact van het conflict. Daarnaast voert het Turkse leger in het kader van het conflict met de PKK luchtaanvallen en grondoperaties uit tegen PKK-doelwitten in de noordelijke grensgebieden van Irak.

Land: 
Irak

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