This report analyses the security situation in Syria, focusing in particular on the situation of the civilian population. The reference period is 2019 and the first two months of 2020. The drafting of this report was finalised on 6 March 2020. Some additional information was added during the finalisation of this report in response to feedback received during the quality control process until 8 April 2020.
The report is divided into two parts. The first part focuses on presenting an overview of the armed conflicts in Syria, current political developments and information on the main parties to the conflict. It goes on to describe the security trends in different parts of Syria during 2019 and first two months of 2020, with a focus on the nature of the violence and impact on civilians.
The second part provides a governorate-level description of the security situation. Each governorate chapter includes a map, brief description of the governorate, background conflict dynamics and armed actors present in the area, recent security trends, including information on civilian fatalities, security incidents and trends, armed confrontations (etc.), and information on displacement and return, and civilian infrastructure impacted.
This report was co-drafted by the European Asylum Support Office COI Sector and Sweden, Swedish Migration Agency, Country of Origin Information, Section for Information Analysis.
The following departments and organisations have reviewed the report:
The Netherlands, Office for Country Information and Language Analysis, Ministry of Justice
ACCORD, the Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (except Chapters 2.5, 2.7 and 2.14)
This report was written according to the EASO COI Report Methodology (June 2019).