The report analyses the situation of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and returnees in Syria.
This report provides information relevant for international protection status determination for Syrian applicants for international protection, and will be used in the development of a country guidance note on Syria.
After a brief background chapter, the report first discusses the situation of IDPs in Syria, the underlying factors and general patterns of displacement, and then focuses on the situation of IDPs in various areas of Syria: rebel-held areas, and several areas in the north.
The next chapter discusses the situation of returnees, the procedures and obstacles for returning. The chapter starts with a general background and the situation of returnees originating from areas included in the reconciliation agreements, next it focuses on returnees from neighbouring countries Lebanon, Turkey and Jordan. The chapter further discusses the return procedures within Syria, on security clearance, on regulating one’s status in post-reconciliation areas, and the issue of military conscription. Finally, the chapter highlights issues of arrests, detentions and violations against returnees, and legal obstacles for returnees.
The fourth chapter highlights the situation of specific groups of IDPs and returnees: women and children. The final chapter focuses on internal mobility and checkpoints in government-controlled and in rebel-held areas.
EASO would like to acknowledge Sweden, Swedish Migration Agency, Country of Origin Information, Section for Information Analysis, as the drafter of this report.
The following departments and organisations have reviewed the report:
- Denmark, Danish Immigration Service (DIS)
- ACCORD, the Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation
This report was written according to the EASO COI Report Methodology (2019).