Laatst toegevoegde rapporten

03 mrt 2023

Le présent rapport porte sur la pratique du mariage forcé au Maroc.

Un mariage forcé est un mariage contracté sans le libre consentement des deux époux ou lorsque le consentement d'au moins un des époux a été donné sous la contrainte physique et/ou morale (violence, menaces, chantage affectif, pressions psychologiques, etc.).

Cette recherche a été clôturée le 1er mars 2023.

23 feb 2023

The purpose of this COI Focus is to assess the security situation in the five states of Darfur, the Two Areas (the two southern provinces of South Kordofan and Blue Nile) and West Kordofan in Sudan. The report is particularly focused on the period from January 2022 to December 2022.

From 30 October to 10 November 2022, the Norwegian Country of Origin Information Centre (Landinfo) and Cedoca conducted a joint fact-finding mission in Sudan. Information collected during meetings with sources in Khartoum is also included in this report.

22 feb 2023

The report provides an update on and mapping of the security situation at both country and regional level, namely for the 18 administrative regions foreseen by the Somali provisional constitution as they existed before 1991. The report builds upon preceding EASO COI reports, notably the Somalia: Security Situation from September 2021, but also Actors, Targeted profiles and Key socio-economic indicators. They were published in the period July- September 2021.

The report provides an overview of the main security trends and conflict dynamics at country level in the reference period (1 July 2021 - 30 November 2022). Within this context it includes information on crucial developments that were already visible as of December 2022.

Additionally, the report provides an update on the main changes regarding state and non-state (armed) actors and their control areas or presence during the same reporting period. For the full overview of these actors see the report on Somalia: Actors. Finally, the report engages with conflict dynamics and security developments at the regional level. In this section, it provides information about incidents and their impact on civilian life, including conflict related humanitarian issues.

The drafting of this report was finalised on 3 February 2023.

Alle rapporten (341)


26 augustus 2020

The report provides an overview of the state structure, security institutions and state judiciary in Afghanistan. It is meant to be read in conjunction with other 2020 EASO COI reports on Afghanistan, which provide relevant information regarding topics such as customary law and informal dispute resolution, the main insurgent groups, targeted violence, security situation and armed conflict developments, and key socioeconomic indicators.

The report is divided into three parts. The first part focuses on presenting an overview of the state structure in Afghanistan, including governance, corruption, and the latest developments on the 2019 elections. The second part focuses on the state security institutions, their mandate and structure, integrity, and the main reported cases of violations perpetrated by these security forces. The third part of the report provides a general overview of the state judiciary, focusing on its capacity, integrity, effectiveness in prosecution, as well as prison conditions.

The drafting of this report was finalised on 30 June 2020. Any event taking place after this date is not included in this report.

14 augustus 2020

The purpose of this report is to provide relevant information for the assessment of international protection status determination, including refugee status and subsidiary protection. In particular, it is intended to inform the update of the chapter on Internal Protection Alternative within the Country Guidance on Afghanistan 2020 update.

The report is meant as an update of the EASO COI Report Afghanistan, Key socio-economic indicators 2019.

After providing some background information on the cities of Kabul, Herat and Mazar-e Sharif and discussing their accessibility, the report looks into several socio-economic indicators. The information is provided for the country as a whole, and where available for the three cities separately. Additional attention is paid to specific vulnerable groups such as IDPs, returnees, women and children.

The drafting of this report was finalised on 27 July 2020. Any event taking place after this date is not included in this report.



10 augustus 2020

The report provides an overview of the main Anti-Government Elements (AGEs) in Afghanistan, primarily the Taliban and Islamic State Khorasan Province (ISKP), with a focus on describing the modus operandi, structure and activities of these groups with respect to targeted killings and attacks on particular profiles.

The report is divided into four sections: Section 1 provides a general overview of the situation relating to armed conflict and AGEs, as well as recent developments on the Doha agreement with the US government and the Taliban; Section 2 provides information on the main points of the structure and modus operandi of the Taliban and main targeted profiles related to this group; Section 3 provides information on the ISKP and main targeted profiles; Section 4 provides an overview of other AGEs operating in Afghanistan, such as Al Qaeda, Haqqani Network and Foreign AGEs.

The drafting of this report was finalised 18 June 2020. Any event taking place after this date is not included in this report.

21 juli 2020

This report provides an overview of the pluralistic legal system of codified and uncodified, formal and informal (customary) norms which govern Afghan society. The report also focuses on the topic of land dispute as one of the main sources of conflict in Afghanistan, providing information on formal and informal mechanism of dispute resolution, including Taliban’s involvement in resolving land disputes. Finally, it describes the practices of blood feuds and revenge killing, including customary blood feud resolution and compensation, and prosecution by the state.

The drafting of this report was finalised on 30 June 2020. Any event taking place after this date is not included in this report.

08 april 2020

This COI Focus aims to provide information on the security situation in Kabul City and is an update of both the COI Focus Afghanistan. Security Situation in Kabul City from 15 May 2019 and the Kabul City chapter taken from the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) Country of Origin Information Report. Afghanistan: Security Situation, published in June 2019. If any developments significantly change the security situation in Kabul, Cedoca will update this COI Focus as soon as possible. For a general introduction to the security situation in Afghanistan, reference is made to the EASO report listed above, published in June 2019. 

This report follows the structure of the individual provincial chapters in the June 2019 EASO report. The general description of the city contains information on the geography and population; the chapter on the background of the conflict takes a longer term look at the security situation in Kabul, including the actors active in the city. In the chapter on recent security trends, the nature of the violence, frequency, targets, locations, and victims are described within a timeframe from 1 April 2019 until 31 March 2020. Finally, a separate chapter is dedicated to population displacements caused by the conflict and the situation of internally displaced people (IDPs) and returnees in Kabul City.

This report presents information from 1 April 2019 until 31 March 2020.

12 maart 2020

Het doel van dit onderzoek is een stand van zaken op te maken over de veiligheidssituatie in de stad Jalalabad en de districten Behsud en Surkhrod in de provincie Nangarhar. Het onderzoek richt zich in het bijzonder op de periode van 1 februari 2019 tot 31 januari 2020 en is afgerond op 27 februari 2020. Deze COI Focus is een actualisering van de gelijknamige COI Focus van 18 maart 2019.

Deze COI Focus bevat geen beschrijving van de huidige stand van het conflict in Afghanistan in zijn geheel noch van de situatie in de provincie Nangarhar. Hoewel de veiligheidsanalyse in de stad Jalalabad centraal staat, handelt een deel van de informatie (bijvoorbeeld die met betrekking tot de typologie van het geweld) ook over het gelijknamige district Jalalabad en de omringende districten Behsud en Surkhrod, respectievelijk ten noorden en ten westen van de stad Jalalabad. Verschillende bronnen geven immers aan dat er een ruimere stadsregio bestaat die delen van Behsud en Surkhrod omvatten. Indien nodig maakt Cedoca duidelijk of de informatie enkel voor de hoofdstad of voor het district Jalalabad geldt.

Informatie en data met betrekking tot de veiligheidssituatie zijn de afgelopen jaren steeds schaarser, gepolitiseerd en minder transparant geworden. Sinds het voorjaar 2017 beschikt Cedoca niet langer over cijfers met betrekking tot de veiligheidssituatie die in het verleden werden verkregen van een hooggeplaatste westerse veiligheidsanalist in Kabul.


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