The purpose of this report is to provide relevant information regarding the military service in the Syrian Arab Army - the formal land forces of the national Syrian Armed forces - for international protection status determination, including refugee status and subsidiary protection, and in particular for use in updating EASO’s country guidance development on Syria.
This report is part of a series of Syria COI reports produced in 2021.
The first chapter provides a short background into the topic of military service during the current conflict in Syria. The second chapter provides an overview of the provisions of the military service law and its implementation in practice, looking specifically at the Syrian Arab Army’s current recruitment practices, methods of recruitment, factors influencing deployment of conscripts and reservists, and demobilisation. The third chapter covers the legal exemptions and deferrals from military service and their enforcement in practice. The final chapter addresses the legal and practical implications of draft evasion, desertion and defection.
The drafting of this report was finalised on 22 March 2021. Any event taking place after this date is not included in this report.
This report was drafted by the European Asylum Support Office COI Sector.
The following departments and organisations have reviewed the report:
Belgium, Office of the Commissioner General for Refugees and Stateless Persons (CGRS), Centre for Documentation and Research (Cedoca);
Denmark, Danish Immigration Service (DIS) ;
The Netherlands, Office for Country Information and Language Analysis, Ministry of Justice (OCILA).
This report was written according to the EASO COI Report Methodology (June 2019).